Vài đoạn trong bài báo của The Washington Post liên quan đến LĐV

 

Within Vietnam, activists are divided over the TPP deal, with one calling it “a very good entry point” for a nascent civil society movement to grow but others skeptical that the government would[‘nt] honor its promises, especially as two leading labor activists remain in prison and police still beat others with impunity.

Trong Việt Nam, những người tranh đấu thì có quan điểm khác nhau về TPP, có 1 người gọi nó là “cánh cửa tốt” mở ra cho xã hội dân sự có đường tiến, nhưng một số người khác không tin nhà nước sẽ giữ lời hứa, nhất là khi mà trong tù còn 2 người tranh đấu cho quyền lao động đang bị giam và công an đánh những người khác mà không bị trừng phạt.

Just last month, 30-year labor activist Do Thi Minh Hanh said she was detained and badly beaten by police after she talked to fired workers in southern Vietnam. She was in jail from 2010 to 2014 and says she was beaten by guards and prisoners there.

She said she welcomes the promises made under the trade deal. “The TPP opens a new horizon for labor activists and workers that has never happened in the past, but the fact that the police arrested me and beat me up, and threatened the workers who were complaining about the company — that is worrying to me,” she said.

Chỉ mới tháng trước, cô Đỗ Thị Minh Hạnh (30 tuổi), người hoạt động lao động đả cho biết cô đã bị bắt giữ và bị cảnh sát đánh đập sau khi cô nói chuyện với các nhân viên bị sa thải ở miền nam Việt Nam [trong vụ Công Ty Yupoong đuổi gần 2000 người].Cô đả từng ở tù từ năm 2010 đến năm 2014 và cho biết cô đã bị đánh đập bởi cai ngục và tù nhân ở đó.

Cô cho biết cô chào đón những lời hứa được thực hiện theo các thỏa thuận thương mại [Hiệp định Đối tác Kinh tế Chiến lược xuyên Thái Bình Dương (TPP)]. Cô ấy nói “TPP sẽ mở ra một chân trời mới cho các nhà hoạt động lao động và người lao động mà chưa từng xảy ra trong quá khứ, nhưng thực tế là cảnh sát bắt tôi, đánh tôi, và đe dọa những người lao động đã phàn nàn về công ty – đó là điều đáng lo ngại đối với tôi ”

 

Vietnam hopes trade deal will tip balance toward U.S., away from China

December 8 at 2:00 AM
Bieu tinh chong Xi Jinping

HANOI — The fingers of both hands tightly intertwined, retired Maj. Gen. Le Van Cuong describes how Vietnam is overly dependent economically on its giant neighbor, China. Then, as he talks about the Transpacific Partnership, a U.S.-led trade deal involving a dozen Pacific Rim countries, the general’s grip relaxes, and his fingers pries themselves apart.

“The TPP is not just economic, it is also a political and security deal,” said Cuong, former head of the Ministry of Public Security’s Strategy Institute, arguing that it will help loosen China’s grip on his country. “It has more value for Vietnam than buying 10 submarines.”

Vietnam stands to be one of the biggest economic beneficiaries of the regional trade deal, reached in October after eight years of negotiations. Vietnam wants to reduce its dependence on China and forge closer ties with the United States — an attempt at reorientation that is given added impetus by China’s aggressive assertion of its territorial claims in the South China Sea.

But the political implications at home could be even more far-reaching, with Vietnam agreeing to transform its labor laws and allow workers to form independent trade unions.

Tom Malinowski, assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights and labor, calls it a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to guide this Communist one-party nation down a path of greater openness and reform.

“Vietnam has made commitments that are potentially far-reaching and transformational,” he said. “Allowing the formation of independent trade unions breaks the one-party monopoly on social organization.”

President Obama says the TPP will create new jobs at home and new markets for American goods, as well as counter China’s growing influence in Asia. Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter — reaching, like Cuong, for a naval comparison — has said the TPP is as important to him “as another aircraft carrier.”

But Obama faces a tough battle getting congressional approval next year, with critics worried the pact could undercut U.S. labor standards and push jobs overseas.
U.S. officials counter that the TPP has much stronger standards explicitly built into the pact and that tariff cuts kick in only if Vietnam certifiably implements the changes in years to come.

Within Vietnam, activists are divided over the TPP deal, with one calling it “a very good entry point” for a nascent civil society movement to grow but others skeptical that the government would[‘nt] honor its promises, especially as two leading labor activists remain in prison and police still beat others with impunity.

Just last month, 30-year labor activist Do Thi Minh Hanh said she was detained and badly beaten by police after she talked to fired workers in southern Vietnam. She was in jail from 2010 to 2014 and says she was beaten by guards and prisoners there.

She said she welcomes the promises made under the trade deal. “The TPP opens a new horizon for labor activists and workers that has never happened in the past, but the fact that the police arrested me and beat me up, and threatened the workers who were complaining about the company — that is worrying to me,” she said.

Negotiations over the deal prompted an internal debate within the Communist Party, Vietnamese and U.S. officials said.

“As we were engaged with them in this process, we would constantly go back to them and say, ‘This is what we are going to be seeking in TPP in these various areas; are you sure it’s for you?’ ” U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman said. “They would go back and have their internal discussions, and then come back to us and say, ‘This is the direction we want to take our country.’”

In the end, officials said, the party’s top leaders united behind the deal.

“We are confident this is the right thing for Vietnam to do, despite huge challenges,” said Nguyen Ba Hong, the director-general of the Americas Department at Vietnam’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “Despite the debate, despite different opinions, we are determined to drive this boat to the ocean.”

Skeptics argue that similar expectations of economic reform leading to greater political openness accompanied China’s accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001 but never came to pass.

But within Vietnam, experts like Tran Viet Thai, deputy director of a foreign ministry think tank, says his country has chosen a “100 percent different course” from its northern neighbor.

China, he says, is pushing reforms in a top-down fashion, using the “visible hand” of the Communist Party power to “clean house.” The Vietnamese, he said, “want to use the invisible hand of the market to clean house.”

Simon Denyer is The Post’s bureau chief in China. He served previously as bureau chief in India and as a Reuters bureau chief in Washington, India and Pakistan.

Nguồn:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/vietnam-hopes-trade-deal-will-tip-balance-toward-us-away-from-china/2015/12/04/b6e3749e-9783-11e5-aca6-1ae3be6f06d2_story.html

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